Botnia is currently in the final stage of the preparation of the documents that will constitute the Company’s application to the Environmental and Environmental Court (MMD) in Umeå on environmental permits. In order to increase shareholders’ understanding of the so-called process, these steps are in the chain of skilled crafts required to take a potential mine from the exploration stage to producing access, below gives a detailed account of the work behind and how the future processing of the application will be proceed.
About Environmental Condition and MMD
The purpose of MMD is to regulate and control environmentally hazardous activities to ensure the least impact on nature, society and other stakeholders. What matters for environmentally hazardous activities is regulated by the Environmental Code, but can be defined as any use of land, buildings or facilities that may cause land or water discharges or cause other health or environmental hazards. Activities that fall under this definition are categorized into A, B, C or U U plants depending on the scope and environmental impact of the business. In order to establish and operate certain environmentally hazardous activities, permission of MMD is required.If environmental impact is expected to be significant, consultations shall also take place with other government authorities, the municipality concerned, the public and the organizations that are likely to be affected.
In Sweden there are currently five MMDs, which are linked to the district courts in Umeå , Östersund, Nacka, Vänersborg and Växjö. For Botnia’s part, MMD in Umeå is relevant. The judicial staff consists of both jurist judges and technical advisers. The technical councils have natural or technical education and experience of such issues as the Court is to test.
About the examination of mining activities
Mining activities are classified as category A operations and thus require authorization in MMD. In these types of goals, special members also participate in addition to the legal experts and technical councils. One of the special members shall have experience with matters of concern that fall within the scope of the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency, the Sea and Water Authority, the Boverket or Land Survey. The other shall have experience of industrial, municipal or local activities or of such matters which fall within the scope of the administrative authorities’ activities.
An application for a permit for mining operations is extensive and consists of several large documents. These are a formal part, with claims and conditions, etc., a technical description and an environmental impact assessment. The applicant is given the opportunity to complete MMD before the application is announced in connection with an application being considered complete. Criminal authorities and property owners are then given the opportunity to submit written comments on the application to MMD within a certain period of time. Remissing authorities consist of, for example, the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency, the County Administrative Board, the municipality, etc. whereas property owners are primarily owners of these properties that are claimed for the business and any property owners of these properties. This means that even cohabitants conducting run-off in the commercial area are considered to be property owners.
When MMD collects comments from stakeholders, the parties are referred to as main negotiation, which is often held logistically near the site where the requested business is to be conducted. This allows for the MMD to a convenient way to keep sight of the terrain where the activities will be conducted.
Release of MMD
MMD takes into account the environment, technology and economy in review and the basis for this is a balance between the expertise of the Council and its members. The judgment takes into account a large number of rules and instructions issued by the European Union, which have subsequently been incorporated into the Environmental Code. For example, an important guide is the Best Available Technic (Best Available Technic), which means that the applicant must use the best available technology to minimize environmental impact.
MMD’s appeal may be appealed to the Land and Environmental Court (MÖD) at Svea Hovrätt, but then a so-called trial permit is required, which is issued only if there are special reasons. Each party then has the opportunity to appeal the meeting to the Supreme Court (HD), but the criteria for obtaining a trial permit are even narrower.
A license case at MMD usually takes about one year to process. Appeals extend this time aspect.
Botnia thinks that he has a good relationship with the co-operatives who run the river industry in the area in question. The extension of the summer’s probationary condition occurred in consultation with Rans Samby.
The company also explores the possibility of using emission-free machinery in mining operations to minimize environmental impact, and the company’s management is investigating ongoing measures to minimize the impact on surrounding nature.